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ISBN : OCLC:1348333747
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
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The cellular function of proteins, and their targeting by drug applications, are both governed by biomolecular thermodynamics and kinetics. In order to make meaningful and efficient predictions of these mechanisms, molecular simulations must be able to estimate the binding affinity and rates of association and dissociation of a protein-ligand complex, or the populations and rates of exchange between distinct conformational states (i.e. folding and unfolding, binding and unbinding). The above studies are typically done using different, but complementary approaches. Alchemical methods, including free energy perturbation (FEP) and thermodynamic integration (TI), have become the dominant method for computing high-quality estimates of protein-ligand binding free energies. In particular, the widely-used approach of relative binding free energy calculation can deliver accuracies within 1 kcal mol−1. However, detailed physical pathways and kinetics are missing from these calculations. In principle, all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, with the help of Markov State Models (MSMs), can be used to obtain this information, yet finite sampling error still limits MSM approaches from making accurate predictions for very slow unfolding or unbinding processes. To overcome these issues, a new approach called multiensemble Markov models (MEMMs) have been developed, in which sampling from biased thermodynamic ensembles can be used to infer states populations and transition rates in unbiased ensembles. In this dissertation, two distinct biophysical problems are investigated. In the first part, we apply expanded ensemble (EE) methods to accurately predict relative binding free energies for a series of protein-ligand systems. Moreover, we propose a simple optimization scheme for choosing alchemical intermediates in free energy simulations. In the second part, we employ MEMMs to estimate the free energies and kinetics of protein folding and ligand binding, to achieve greatly improved predictions. Finally, we combine the above EE method and a maximum-caliber algorithm to study how sequence mutations perturb protein stability and folding kinetics. In summary, this work comprises a wide range of current methodology in biophysical simulation, complementing and improving upon existing approaches.

Category : Science
Editor : Academic Press
ISBN : 9780128211359
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 552
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Computational Approaches for Understanding Dynamical Systems: Protein Folding and Assembly, Volume 170 in the Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science series, provides the most topical, informative and exciting monographs available on a wide variety of research topics. The series includes in-depth knowledge on the molecular biological aspects of organismal physiology, with this release including chapters on Pairwise-Additive and Polarizable Atomistic Force Fields for Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Proteins, Scale-consistent approach to the derivation of coarse-grained force fields for simulating structure, dynamics, and thermodynamics of biopolymers, Enhanced sampling and free energy methods, and much more. Includes comprehensive coverage on molecular biology Presents ample use of tables, diagrams, schemata and color figures to enhance the reader's ability to rapidly grasp the information provided Contains contributions from renowned experts in the field

Category : Science
Editor : CRC Press
ISBN : 9781482297867
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 479
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The Latest Developments on the Role of Dynamics in Protein Functions Computational Approaches to Protein Dynamics: From Quantum to Coarse-Grained Methods presents modern biomolecular computational techniques that address protein flexibility/dynamics at all levels of theory. An international contingent of leading researchers in chemistry, physics, and biology show how these advanced methods provide insights into dynamic aspects of biochemical processes. A particular focus is on intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), which lack a well-defined three-dimensional structure and function as dynamic ensembles. The book covers a wide spectrum of dynamics, from electronic structure-based to coarse-grained techniques via multiscaling at different levels. After an introduction to dynamics and historical overview of basic methodologies, the book addresses the following issues: Is there a quantitative relationship between enzymatic catalysis and protein dynamics? Which are the functionally relevant motions of proteins? How can structural properties and partner recognition mechanisms of IDPs be simulated? How can we speed up molecular dynamics? How can we describe conformational ensembles by the synergistic effort of computations and experiments? While dynamics is now considered essential for interpreting protein action, it is not yet an integral component in establishing structure–function relationships of proteins. Helping to reshape this classical view in biochemistry, this groundbreaking book explores advances in computational methodology and contributes to the new, ensemble way of studying proteins.

Category : Science
Editor : Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN : 9781849735377
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 384
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Molecular modeling and simulation play a central role in academic and industrial research focused on physico-chemical properties and processes. The efforts carried out in this field have crystallized in a variety of models, simulation methods, and computational techniques that are examining the relationship between the structure, dynamics and functional role of biomolecules and their interactions. In particular, there has been a huge advance in the understanding of the molecular determinants that mediate the interaction between small compounds acting as ligands and their macromolecular targets. This book provides an updated description of the advances experienced in recent years in the field of molecular modeling and simulation of biomolecular recognition, with particular emphasis towards the development of efficient strategies in structure-based drug design.

Category : Medical
Editor : Gulf Professional Publishing
ISBN : 012182103X
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 864
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Computer-based design and modeling, computational approaches, and instrumental methods for elucidating molecular mechanisms of protein folding and ligand-acceptor interactions are included in Volumes 202 and 203, as are genetic and chemical methods for the production of functional molecules including antibodies and antigens, enzymes, receptors, nucleic acids and polysaccharides, and drugs.

Category : Science
Editor : Springer Nature
ISBN : 9789811555305
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 452
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This book discusses a broad range of basic and advanced topics in the field of protein structure, function, folding, flexibility, and dynamics. Starting with a basic introduction to protein purification, estimation, storage, and its effect on the protein structure, function, and dynamics, it also discusses various experimental and computational structure determination approaches; the importance of molecular interactions and water in protein stability, folding and dynamics; kinetic and thermodynamic parameters associated with protein-ligand binding; single molecule techniques and their applications in studying protein folding and aggregation; protein quality control; the role of amino acid sequence in protein aggregation; muscarinic acetylcholine receptors, antimuscarinic drugs, and their clinical significances. Further, the book explains the current understanding on the therapeutic importance of the enzyme dopamine beta hydroxylase; structural dynamics and motions in molecular motors; role of cathepsins in controlling degradation of extracellular matrix during disease states; and the important structure-function relationship of iron-binding proteins, ferritins. Overall, the book is an important guide and a comprehensive resource for understanding protein structure, function, dynamics, and interaction.

Category : Science
Editor : World Scientific
ISBN : 9789812778772
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 790
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This work covers the impact of computational structural biology on protein structure prediction methods, macromolecular function and protein design, and key methods in drug discovery. It also addresses the computational challenges of experimental approaches in structural biology.

Category : Science
Editor : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 9780471465232
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 544
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Since the first attempts to model proteins on a computer began almost thirty years ago, our understanding of protein structure and dynamics has dramatically increased. Spectroscopic measurement techniques continue to improve in resolution and sensitivity, allowing a wealth of information to be obtained with regard to the kinetics of protein folding and unfolding, and complementing the detailed structural picture of the folded state. Concurrently, algorithms, software, and computational hardware have progressed to the point where both structural and kinetic problems may be studied with a fair degree of realism. Despite these advances, many major challenges remain in understanding protein folding at both the conceptual and practical levels. Computational Methods for Protein Folding seeks to illuminate recent advances in computational modeling of protein folding in a way that will be useful to physicists, chemists, and chemical physicists. Covering a broad spectrum of computational methods and practices culled from a variety of research fields, the editors present a full range of models that, together, provide a thorough and current description of all aspects of protein folding. A valuable resource for both students and professionals in the field, the book will be of value both as a cutting-edge overview of existing information and as a catalyst for inspiring new studies. Computational Methods for Protein Folding is the 120th volume in the acclaimed series Advances in Chemical Physics, a compilation of scholarly works dedicated to the dissemination of contemporary advances in chemical physics, edited by Nobel Prize-winner Ilya Prigogine.

Category : Science
Editor : IOS Press
ISBN : 9781586037925
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 334
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"One of the great unsolved problems of science and also physics is the prediction of the three dimensional structure of a protein from its amino acid sequence: the folding problem. It may be stated that the deep connection existing between physics and protein folding is not so much, or in any case not only, through physical methods (experimental: Xrays, NMR, etc, or theoretical: statistical mechanics, spin glasses, etc), but through physical concepts. In fact, protein folding can be viewed as an emergent property not contained neither in the atoms forming the protein nor in the forces acting among them, in a similar way as superconductivity emerges as an unexpected coherent phenomenon taking place on a sea of electrons at low temperature. Already much is known about the protein folding problem, thanks, among other things, to protein engineering experiments as well as from a variety of theoretical inputs: inverse folding problem, funnellike energy landscapes (Peter Wolynes), helixcoil transitions, etc. Although quite different in appearance, the fact that the variety of models can account for much of the experimental ?ndings is likely due to the fact that they contain much of the same (right) physics. A physics which is related to the important role played by selected highly conserved, hot, amino acids which participate to the stability of independent folding units which, upon docking, give rise to a (postcritical) folding nucleus lying beyond the highest maximum of the free energy associated to the process."

Category : Science
Editor : Academic Press
ISBN : 0080923380
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 288
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The importance of protein folding has been recognized for many years. It is the underlying etiology in a large number of human diseases and it appears to be a novel method for cellular regulation of the expression of newly translated proteins. These volumes (Parts A & B) address this important topic. As a volume in Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology, this book provides the latest information on the expanding research being conducted on protein folding. *Follow the new editor-in-chief, P. Michael Conn, as he introduces this first thematic volume in the series – an in-depth aid to researchers who are looking for the best techniques and tools for understanding the complexities of protein folding *Understand the advantages of protein folding over other therapeutic approaches and see how protein folding plays a critical role in the development of diseases such as Alzheimer’s and diabetes *Decipher the rules of protein folding through compelling and timely reviews combined with chapters written by international authors in engineering, biochemistry, physics and computer science