Category : Medical
Editor : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 9783527335824
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 360
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This practical reference for medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists combines the theoretical background with modern methods as well as applications from recent lead finding and optimization projects. Divided into two parts on the thermodynamics and kinetics of drug-receptor interaction, the text provides the conceptual and methodological basis for characterizing binding mechanisms for drugs and other bioactive molecules. It covers all currently used methods, from experimental approaches, such as ITC or SPR, right up to the latest computational methods. Case studies of real-life lead or drug development projects are also included so readers can apply the methods learned to their own projects. Finally, the benefits of a thorough binding mode analysis for any drug development project are summarized in an outlook chapter written by the editors.

Category : Medical
Editor : John Wiley & Sons
ISBN : 9783527673056
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 360
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This practical reference for medicinal and pharmaceutical chemists combines the theoretical background with modern methods as well as applications from recent lead finding and optimization projects. Divided into two parts on the thermodynamics and kinetics of drug-receptor interaction, the text provides the conceptual and methodological basis for characterizing binding mechanisms for drugs and other bioactive molecules. It covers all currently used methods, from experimental approaches, such as ITC or SPR, right up to the latest computational methods. Case studies of real-life lead or drug development projects are also included so readers can apply the methods learned to their own projects. Finally, the benefits of a thorough binding mode analysis for any drug development project are summarized in an outlook chapter written by the editors.

Category : Medical
Editor : Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN : 9781849739085
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 314
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Fragment-based drug discovery is a rapidly evolving area of research, which has recently seen new applications in areas such as epigenetics, GPCRs and the identification of novel allosteric binding pockets. The first fragment-derived drug was recently approved for the treatment of melanoma. It is hoped that this approval is just the beginning of the many drugs yet to be discovered using this fascinating technique. This book is written from a Chemist's perspective and comprehensively assesses the impact of fragment-based drug discovery on a wide variety of areas of medicinal chemistry. It will prove to be an invaluable resource for medicinal chemists working in academia and industry, as well as anyone interested in novel drug discovery techniques.

Category : Science
Editor : Springer
ISBN : 9783030052829
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 406
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This book reviews the advances and challenges of structure-based drug design in the preclinical drug discovery process, addressing various diseases, including malaria, tuberculosis and cancer. Written by internationally recognized researchers, this edited book discusses how the application of the various in-silico techniques, such as molecular docking, virtual screening, pharmacophore modeling, molecular dynamics simulations, and residue interaction networks offers insights into pharmacologically active novel molecular entities. It presents a clear concept of the molecular mechanism of different drug targets and explores methods to help understand drug resistance. In addition, it includes chapters dedicated to natural-product- derived medicines, combinatorial drug discovery, the CryoEM technique for structure-based drug design and big data in drug discovery. The book offers an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students, as well as for researchers in academic and industrial laboratories working in the areas of chemoinformatics, medicinal and pharmaceutical chemistry and pharmacoinformatics.

Category :
Editor :
ISBN : OCLC:1348333747
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 0
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The cellular function of proteins, and their targeting by drug applications, are both governed by biomolecular thermodynamics and kinetics. In order to make meaningful and efficient predictions of these mechanisms, molecular simulations must be able to estimate the binding affinity and rates of association and dissociation of a protein-ligand complex, or the populations and rates of exchange between distinct conformational states (i.e. folding and unfolding, binding and unbinding). The above studies are typically done using different, but complementary approaches. Alchemical methods, including free energy perturbation (FEP) and thermodynamic integration (TI), have become the dominant method for computing high-quality estimates of protein-ligand binding free energies. In particular, the widely-used approach of relative binding free energy calculation can deliver accuracies within 1 kcal mol−1. However, detailed physical pathways and kinetics are missing from these calculations. In principle, all-atom molecular dynamics (MD) simulation, with the help of Markov State Models (MSMs), can be used to obtain this information, yet finite sampling error still limits MSM approaches from making accurate predictions for very slow unfolding or unbinding processes. To overcome these issues, a new approach called multiensemble Markov models (MEMMs) have been developed, in which sampling from biased thermodynamic ensembles can be used to infer states populations and transition rates in unbiased ensembles. In this dissertation, two distinct biophysical problems are investigated. In the first part, we apply expanded ensemble (EE) methods to accurately predict relative binding free energies for a series of protein-ligand systems. Moreover, we propose a simple optimization scheme for choosing alchemical intermediates in free energy simulations. In the second part, we employ MEMMs to estimate the free energies and kinetics of protein folding and ligand binding, to achieve greatly improved predictions. Finally, we combine the above EE method and a maximum-caliber algorithm to study how sequence mutations perturb protein stability and folding kinetics. In summary, this work comprises a wide range of current methodology in biophysical simulation, complementing and improving upon existing approaches.

Category :
Editor : Frontiers Media SA
ISBN : 9782889631360
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 129
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Machine learning methods such as neural networks, non-linear dimensionality reduction techniques, random forests and others meet in this research topic with biomolecular simulations. The authors of eight articles applied these methods to analyze simulation results, accelerate simulations or to make molecular mechanics force fields more accurate.

Category : Medical
Editor : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 9781592598007
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 418
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Recent reports of drug attrition rates have revealed that a significant number of drug candidates fail in the later stage of clinical development due to absorption, distribution, metabolism, elimination and toxicity issues. Lead optimization in drug discovery, a process of attempting to uncover and correct these defects, is highly beneficial in lowering the cost and time to develop therapeutic drugs by reducing drug candidate failures in development. This book provides the assays utilized in drug discovery to rapidly screen for compounds with favorable drug-like properties. A total of 25 chapters, contributed by many experts in the field, cover a wide spectrum of subjects including physicochemical properties, absorption, plasma binding, metabolism, drug interactions, and toxicity, making this an essential book for all pharmacologists and pharmaceutical scientists.

Category : Medical
Editor : Wiley
ISBN : 0471720429
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 802
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Drug-Receptor Thermodynamics is the first book to provide in depth coverage of principles and applications of thermodynamic drug-receptor interactions. The book starts from familiar points, making thermodynamics accessible to anyone interested in how drugs work. The ideas presented cover general principles as well as laying the groundwork for new ways of examining drug action. * covers an area of increasing interest and relevance in the field of drug design and discovery * excellent explanation of why thermodynamics is at the heart of drug action * contributions from many of the worlds leading experts in the field Anyone interested in drug receptor interaction will find something of use in this book. It will be of particular relevance for pharmacologists, health science researchers and medicinal chemists.

Category : Science
Editor : Springer
ISBN : 9783319350721
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 184
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This book reviews current techniques used in membrane protein structural biology, with a strong focus on practical issues. The study of membrane protein structures not only provides a basic understanding of life at the molecular level but also helps in the rational and targeted design of new drugs with reduced side effects. Today, about 60% of the commercially available drugs target membrane proteins and it is estimated that nearly 30% of proteins encoded in the human genome are membrane proteins. In recent years much effort has been put towards innovative developments to overcome the numerous obstacles associated with the structure determination of membrane proteins. This book reviews a variety of recent techniques that are essential to any modern researcher in the field of membrane protein structural biology. The topics that are discussed are not commonly found in textbooks. The scope of this book includes: Expression screening using fluorescent proteins The use of detergents in membrane protein research The use of NMR Synchrotron developments in membrane protein structural biology Visualisation and X-ray data collection of microcrystals X-ray diffraction data analysis from multiple crystals Serial millisecond crystallography Serial femtosecond crystallography Membrane protein structures in drug discovery The information provided in this book should be of interest to anyone working in the area of structural biology. Students will find carefully prepared overviews of basic ideas and advanced protein scientists will find the level of detail required to apply the material directly to their day to day work. Chapters 4, 5, 6, 8 and 9 of this book are published open access under a CC BY 4.0 license at link.springer.com.

Category : Science
Editor : Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN : 9783540384472
Type : PDF, Epub and Kindle
Language : en
Views : 528
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Free energy constitutes the most important thermodynamic quantity to understand how chemical species recognize each other, associate or react. Examples of problems in which knowledge of the underlying free energy behaviour is required, include conformational equilibria and molecular association, partitioning between immiscible liquids, receptor-drug interaction, protein-protein and protein-DNA association, and protein stability. This volume sets out to present a coherent and comprehensive account of the concepts that underlie different approaches devised for the determination of free energies. The reader will gain the necessary insight into the theoretical and computational foundations of the subject and will be presented with relevant applications from molecular-level modelling and simulations of chemical and biological systems. Both formally accurate and approximate methods are covered using both classical and quantum mechanical descriptions. A central theme of the book is that the wide variety of free energy calculation techniques available today can be understood as different implementations of a few basic principles. The book is aimed at a broad readership of graduate students and researchers having a background in chemistry, physics, engineering and physical biology.